How To Pronounce Aubergine

DURING the British Raj in the subcontinent, English began to borrow words from bounded languages. Most of this neologism was not accustomed by the accepted standards as these were bounded notions or expressions for which there were no cultural or linguistic equivalents in the English accent and they were acclimated out of necessity. Native speakers of English in India acclimated abounding of the bounded words with a appropriate British accentuation and spelt them in their own way, for example, ‘nautch’ (‘naach’ or dance), ‘sepoy’ (‘sipahi’ or soldier), dacoity (‘daketi’ or robbery), ‘copra’ (‘khopra’ or minced attic kernel), and abounding more.

How to Pronounce Aubergine
How to Pronounce Aubergine | How To Pronounce Aubergine

Ultimately, such cant grew so all-inclusive that some glossaries and dictionaries of ‘Anglo-Indian’ words and expressions were compiled. Actuality are some notable such dictionaries:

• ‘An Anglo-IndianDictionary’ (1885)

Compiled by George Clifford Whitworth and aboriginal appear from London in 1885, the appellation says that it is “A comment of Indian agreement acclimated in English, and of such Eng­lish or added non-Indian agreement as acquire acquired appropriate meanings in India”. While apologising for the use of the appellation ‘Anglo-Indian’ in his preface, Whitworth has authentic it: “The appellation ‘Anglo-Indian’ would appropriately baptize article which, originally Indian, has been distinctively adapted by article English”.

The concordance enlists words that, says Whitworth, “English people” begin “necessary or convenient”. He adds that abounding bounded coinages “have altered meanings in India and England”, such as “egg plant, fire-temple, adoration wheel, slave-king, angelic thread”, etc.

How to Pronounce Aubergine
How to Pronounce Aubergine | How To Pronounce Aubergine

Whitworth avoids abounding agreement acclimated by Horace Hayman Wilson in his ‘A Comment of Judicial and Revenue Terms’ (1855), as they acquire able equivalents in English. But the words he has included acquire abnormally bounded connotations and are from Sanskrit, Hindi, Persian, Hindustani or Urdu, Arabic, Bengali, Assamese, Gujarati, Kannada, Telugu, Sinhalese and some added languages.

An absorbing access in the concordance is that of ‘brinjal’. The concordance says ‘brinjal’ is “the name of a vegetable, alleged additionally the egg-plant”. But it does not accord the agent or ancestry of the word. According to John T. Platts, a ‘baingan’ is ‘brinjal’. A ‘brinjal’ is ‘aubergine’ in English. Oxford Concordance says ‘brinjal’ is of Indian and/or South African origin. But this needs some correction.

‘Brinjal’ begin its way into British English in India indeed, but in Arabic, an aubergine is alleged ‘al-baadinjaan’ and in Persian ‘baadinjaan’. It is apparently the aforementioned ‘al-baadinjaan’ that became ‘aubergine’ in English. Back ‘al-baadinjaan’ accomplished Spain forth with its Arab conquerors, it was alleged ‘berenjena’ there. As Portuguese is carefully accompanying to Spanish, it was alleged ‘berinjela’ in Portuguese. We can cautiously acquire that back the Portuguese ‘berinjela’ accomplished western India, as Portuguese had captured it in the aboriginal 16th aeon (along with now abundant acclaimed Goa), ‘berinjela’ was captivated into subcontinental vernaculars and from actuality was best up as an ‘Anglo-Indian’ chat as ‘brinjal’.

• Hobson-Jobson (1886)

How To Say Aubergine
How To Say Aubergine | How To Pronounce Aubergine

Just a year afterwards Whitworth’s dictionary, a abundant beyond and research-based concordance of Anglo-Indian words was published. Aggregate by Henry Yule and Arthur Coke Burnell, it additionally has citations from arcane works.

The appellation ‘Hobson-Jobson’ is acquired from ‘Ya Hasan, Ya Hussain’, chanted by the mourners at Muharram congregations. The compilers believed it was a absolute appellation for a assignment advised to highlight the characteristics of a bounded cast of English, as it reflects the phonological change that loanwords acquire back acclimated in added languages.

One of the absorbing entries in ‘Hobson-Jobson’ is that of ‘turban’, which is alleged ‘pagree’ in Urdu. It says about the chat ‘turban’ that “some acquire declared this acclaimed English chat to be a bribery of Persian/Hindi ‘sirbund’, ‘head-wrap’…,”. The compilers say this is incorrect and the chat ‘turban’ is in actuality a bribery of the Turkish chat ‘dulband’ and add that it as “a bolt of accomplished white muslin; a adhesive for the head”. But Jabir Ali Syed wrote that it is apparently from Turkish ‘tarband’, as in Turkish ‘tar’ agency ‘many’, and ‘band’ in Persian, acceptation ‘fastened’. So it is a allotment of bolt captivated about arch abounding times over. It may be acclaimed that ‘turban’ has added phonetic affinity with ‘tarband’ than ‘dulband’.

• Sahibs, Nabobs andBoxwallahs (1991)

How to say aubergine
How to say aubergine | How To Pronounce Aubergine

Subtitled ‘A Concordance of the Words of Anglo-India’ (Oxford, 1991), the book provides the readers with Anglo-Indian chat origins and usages as able-bodied as meanings and their sources. It is a well-researched assignment by Ivor Lewis and takes into annual all antecedent agnate works. With a abundant beginning and a continued account of works cited, it is absolutely a bookish work.

• Hanklyn-Janklyn (1992)

To pay accolade to ‘Hobson-Job­son’, columnist Nigel Hankin called his assignment ‘Hanklyn-Janklyn’, a adviser to what the columnist calls “words, community and quiddities Indian and Indo-British”.

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How to pronounce AUBERGINE - American Pronunciation, Definition and Example  Sentence
How to pronounce AUBERGINE – American Pronunciation, Definition and Example Sentence | How To Pronounce Aubergine

Published in Dawn, August 23rd, 2021

How To Pronounce Aubergine – How To Pronounce Aubergine
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aubergine noun - Definition, pictures, pronunciation and usage
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How to Pronounce Aubergine - YouTube
How to Pronounce Aubergine – YouTube | How To Pronounce Aubergine
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Aubergine definition and meaning Collins English Dictionary | How To Pronounce Aubergine
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