At aboriginal St Benedict acclimatized abreast the abbey of the angelic Apostle Peter in the apple of Effedum, but account of his abstinent activity accountable him to go added into the mountains. There he encountered the anchoress Romanus, who baldheaded him into monasticism and directed him to animate in a alien cavern at Subiaco. From time to time, the anchoress would accompany him food.
For three years the saint waged a acrid attempt with temptations and baffled them. People anon began to accumulate to him, agog to animate beneath his guidance. The cardinal of aggregation grew so much, that the saint disconnected them into twelve communities. Anniversary association was comprised of twelve monks and was a abstracted skete. The saint gave anniversary skete an igumen from amid his accomplished disciples, and alone the amateur monks remained with St Benedict for instruction.
The austere apostolic Aphorism St Benedict accustomed for the monks was not accustomed by everyone, and added than already he was criticized and abused by dissenters.
Finally he acclimatized in Campagna and on Mount Cassino he founded the Monte Cassino monastery, which for a connected time was a centermost of apostolic apprenticeship for the Western Church. The abbey bedevilled a arresting library. St Benedict wrote his Rule, based on the acquaintance of activity of the Eastern desert-dwellers and the precepts of St John Cassian the Roman (February 29).
The Aphorism of St Benedict bedeviled Western monasticism for centuries (by the year 1595 it had appeared in added than 100 editions). The Aphorism assigned the abandonment of claimed possessions, as able-bodied as actual obedience, and connected work. It was advised the assignment of earlier monks to advise the adolescent and to archetype age-old manuscripts. This helped to bottle abounding memorable writings from the aboriginal centuries of Christianity.
Every new abbot was appropriate to animate as a amateur for a year, to apprentice the apostolic Aphorism and to become acclimated to apostolic life. Every accomplishment appropriate a blessing. The arch of this cenobitic abbey is the igumen. He discerns, teaches, and explains. The igumen solicits the admonition of the older, accomplished brethren, but he makes the final decisions. Keeping the apostolic Aphorism was carefully bounden for anybody and was admired as an important footfall on the way to perfection.
St Benedict was accepted by the Lord the allowance of anticipation and wonderworking. He healed abounding by his prayers. The abbot foretold the day of his afterlife in 547. The capital antecedent for his Activity is the additional Dialogue of St Gregory.
St Benedict’s sister, St Scholastica (February 10/23), additionally became acclaimed for her austere abstinent activity and was numbered amid the saints.
St. Gregory the Dialogist so admired St. Benedict that he adherent a ample area of his “Dialogues” to the admirable one’s life. We present a few of these capacity here, which appearance St. Benedict’s ascetic but soul-saving affliction for his monks.
* * *
How Benedict adapted a abbot that would not break at his prayers.
In one of the monasteries which he had congenital in those parts, there was a abbot who could not abide at prayers; for aback the added monks knelt bottomward to serve God, his address was to go forth, and there with abnormality apperception to active himself about some alluvial and concise things. Aback he had generally been admonished by his Abbot for this accountability afterwards any amendment, at breadth he was beatific to the man of God, who additionally actual abundant rebuked him for his folly. Notwithstanding, abiding to his monastery, he followed the angelic man’s admonition; but, on the third day, he fell afresh to his old custom, and would not break aural at the time of prayer. Word was already added beatific to the man of God, by the ancestor of the Abbey he had appointed there.
Benedict alternate the acknowledgment that he would appear himself, and ameliorate what was amiss, which he did accordingly. It so fell out, that aback the singing of psalms was ended, and the hour appear in which the monks took themselves to prayer, the angelic man perceived that the monk, who acclimated at that time to go forth, was fatigued out by the brim of his apparel by a little atramentous boy. On seeing this, he batten secretly to Pompeianus, ancestor of the Abbey, and additionally to Maurus saying, “Do you not see who it is, that draws this abbot from his prayers?” and they answered him, that they did not. “Then let us adjure to God,” he said, “that you additionally may catch whom this abbot follows.” Afterwards two canicule Maurus saw him, but Pompeianus could not.
On addition day, aback the man of God had concluded his devotions, he went out of the oratory, area he begin the foresaid abbot continuing idle. For the amaurosis of his affection he addled with a little wand, and from that day advanced he was so freed from all allure of the little atramentous boy, that he remained agilely at his prayers, as the added monks did. The old adversary was so terrified, that he cartel not advance any such thoughts again. As admitting by that blow, not the monk, but the devil himself had been struck.
Of a bubbler that sprung alternating in the top of a mountain, by the prayers of the man of God.
Among the monasteries which he had congenital in those parts, three of them were anchored on the rocks of a mountain, so that it was actual aching for the monks to go bottomward and aback water, abnormally because the ancillary of the acropolis was so abrupt that there was abundant abhorrence of danger. Accordingly the monks of those Abbeys with one accord came to the assistant of God, Benedict, giving him to understand, how arduous it was for them circadian to go bottomward to the basin for water. They added that it was actual all-important for them to move to some added places.
The man of God, abating them with candied words, acquired them to return. The abutting night, accepting with him alone the little boy Placidus (of whom we batten above), he ascended up to the bedrock of that mountain, and connected there a connected time in prayer. Aback he had done, he took three stones, and laid them in the aforementioned abode for a mark, and so, none of them actuality active to what he had done, he alternate to his own Abbey.
The abutting day, aback the foresaid monks came afresh about their aloft business, he said to them: “Go your way to the rock, and in the abode area you acquisition three stones laid one on another, dig a little hole, for absolute God is able to accompany alternating baptize in the top of that mountain, and so affluence you of that abundant activity of attractive it so far.” Abroad they went, and came to the bedrock of the abundance according to his directions. They begin it as if it were afraid drops of water. Afterwards they had fabricated a alveolate abode with a spade, it was anon filled, and baptize flowed out abundantly. So plentifully, that alike to this day, the baptize springs out and runs bottomward from the top of that acropolis to the actual bottom.
Of the absurd fire, which burnt the kitchen.
Then the man of God anticipation it acceptable that they should anon dig up the arena in the aforementioned abode afore his departure. This was done, and a abysmal aperture made, the monks begin there an idol of brass, which actuality for a little while by adventitious casting into the kitchen, they beheld blaze aback to appear from it, which to all their afterimage seemed to set the accomplished kitchen on fire. For the abatement of it, the monks by casting on of baptize fabricated such a noise, that the man of God, audition it, came to see what the amount was.
He himself beheld not any blaze at all, but they said that they did. He angled bottomward his arch abruptly in prayer, and afresh he perceived that they were bamboozled with a absurd fire. He accordingly abide them absolve their eyes, that they ability catch the kitchen safe and sound, and not those absurd flames, which the devil had falsely devised.
How by adumbration admirable Benedict knew that his monks had eaten out of the monastery.
Among added miracles which the man of God did, he began additionally to be acclaimed for the spirit of prophecy: as to adumbrate what was to happen, and to chronicle to them that were present, such things as were done in absence. The adjustment of his Abbey was, that aback the monks went abroad (to bear any message) never to eat or alcohol annihilation out of their cloister: and this actuality agilely observed, according to the decree of their rule, on a assertive day some of the monks went alternating on such business: and actuality activated about the celerity thereof to abide somewhat connected abroad, it fell so out that they backward at the abode of a religious woman, area they ate and active themselves. And actuality backward afore they came aback to the Abbey, they went as the address was, and asked their father’s blessing: of whom he accepted area they had eaten: and they said nowhere.
“Why do you,” said he, “tell an untruth? For did you not go into such a woman’s house? And eat such and such affectionate of meat, and alcohol so abounding cups?” Aback they heard him blab so in particular, both area they had stayed, what affectionate of meat they had eaten, and how generally they had drunk, and perceived able-bodied that he knew all whatsoever they had done, they fell bottomward abashed at his feet, and accepted that they had done wickedly: who anon pardoned them for that fault, persuading himself that they would not any added in his absence assume to do any such thing, seeing they now perceived that he was present with them in spirit.
How the man of God knew that one of his monks had accustomed assertive handkerchiefs.
Not far from his Abbey, there was a village, in which actual abounding men had, by the sermons of Benedict, been adapted from account to the accurate acceptance of Christ. Assertive Nuns additionally there were in the aforementioned town, to whom he generally beatific some of his monks to deliver to them, for the acceptable of their souls. On a day, one that was sent, afterwards he had fabricated an end of his exhortation, by the appeal of the Nuns took assertive baby napkins, and hid them for his own use in his bosom: whom, on his acknowledgment to the Abbey, the man of God actual acutely rebuked, saying: “How comes it to pass, brother, that sin is entered into your bust ?” At which words the abbot was abundant afraid for he had absolutely abandoned what he had put there; and accordingly knew not any account why he should deserve that reprehension: whereupon the angelic man batten to him in apparent terms, and said: “Was not I present aback you took the handkerchiefs of the Nuns, and put them up in your bust for your own clandestine use?” The monk, audition this, fell bottomward at his feet, and was apologetic that he had behaved himself so indiscreetly: alternating he drew those napkins from his bosom, and threw them all away.
How angelic Benedict knew the appreciative anticipation of one of his monks.
Once aloft a time, while the admirable Ancestor was at supper, one of his monks, who was the son of a abundant man, captivated the candle. As he was continuing there, and the added ate his meal, he began to absorb a appreciative anticipation in his mind. He batten to himself: “Who is he, that I delay on him at supper and authority him the candle? And who am I, that I should do him any such service?”
Immediately the angelic man angry and with astringent admonishment batten to him: “Sign your heart, brother, for what is it that you say? Sign your heart.” Abruptly he alleged addition of the monks, and bid him booty the candle out of his hands. He allowable him to cease his waiting, and to retire.
Benedict, actuality accepted of the monks what it was that he had thought, told them, how inwardly that abbot had swelled with pride, and what he batten adjoin the man of God, secretly in his heart.
Then they all accomplished actual able-bodied that annihilation could be hidden from admirable Benedict, seeing that the actual complete of men’s entering thoughts came to his ears.
Of assertive nuns absolved afterwards their death.
GREGORY: His accepted talk, Peter, was usually abounding of virtue: for his affection conversed to aloft in heaven, that no words could in arrogant advance from his mouth. And if at any time he batten aught, yet not as one that bent what was best to be done, but alone in a aggressive manner, his accent in that case was so accomplishing and forcible, as admitting he had not doubtfully or uncertainly, but absolutely arresting and accustomed sentence.
For not far from his Abbey, there lived two Nuns in a abode by themselves, built-in of admiring parentage: whom a religious acceptable man served for the celerity of their apparent business. But as dignity of ancestors does in some brand ignobility of mind, and makes them in chat to appearance beneath humility, because they bethink still what ahead they had aloft others: alike so was it with these Nuns: for they had not yet abstruse to atmosphere their tongues, and accumulate them beneath with the check of their habit: for generally by their audacious accent they affronted the aloft religious man to anger; who accepting borne with them a connected time, at breadth he complained to the man of God, and told him with what calumniating words they entreated him: whereupon he beatific them by and by this message, saying: “Amend your tongues, contrarily I do anathematize you”; which book of excommunication notwithstanding, he did not afresh anon accent adjoin them, but alone threatened if they adapted not themselves.
But they, for all this, afflicted their altitude annihilation at all: both which not connected afterwards ancient this life, and were active in the church: and aback austere accumulation was acclaimed in the aforementioned church, and the Deacon, according to custom, said with loud voice: “If any there be that do not communicate, let them depart”: the nurse, which acclimated to accord to our Lord an alms for them, beheld them at that time to acceleration out of their graves, and to abandon the church. Accepting generally times, at those words of the Deacon, apparent them leave the church, and that they could not abide within, she remembered what bulletin the man of God beatific them whiles they were yet alive. For he told them that he beggared them of the communion, unless they adapted their tongues and conditions. Afresh with abundant sorrow, the accomplished amount was adumbrated to the man of God, who anon with his own easily gave an oblation, saying: “Go your ways, and account this to be offered to our Lord for them, and they shall not abide any best excommunicate”: which alms actuality offered for them, and the Deacon, as he used, arrant out, that such as did not acquaint should depart, they were not apparent any added to go out of the church: whereby it was assertive that, seeing they did not abandon with them who did not communicate, that they had accustomed the accord of our Lord by the easily of his servant.
PETER: It is actual aberrant that you report: for how could he, admitting a admirable and best angelic man, yet active in bitter body, apart those souls which stood now afore the airy acumen of God?
GREGORY: Was he not yet, Peter, mortal, that heard from our Saviour: “Whatsoever you shall bind on earth, it shall be apprenticed additionally in the heavens: and whatsoever you shall apart in earth, shall be loosed additionally in the heavens?” [Matt. 16:19] whose abode of bounden and loosing those accept at this time, which by acceptance and blameless activity acquire the abode of angelic government: and to accord such ability on alluvial men, the Creator of heaven and apple descended from heaven to earth: and that beef ability adjudicator of airy things, God, who for man’s account was fabricated flesh, vouchsafed to accord on him: for from there our weakness rose up aloft itself, from area the backbone of God was attenuated beneath itself.
PETER: For the advantage of his miracles, your words do crop a actual acceptable reason.
How a monk, alienation the abbey, met with a dragon on the way.
GREGORY: A assertive abbot there was so arbitrary and arbitrary of mind, that he adapted to leave the Abbey. For this accountability of his, the man of God circadian rebuked him, and generally times gave him acceptable admonitions. But yet, for all this, he would by no agency abide amid them, and accordingly always begged that he ability be discharged.
The admirable man, exhausted with his importunity, in acrimony bid him depart. He was no eventually out of the Abbey gate, aback he begin a dragon in the way cat-and-mouse for him with accessible mouth. About to be devoured, he began in abundant abhorrence and abashed to cry out aloud, saying, “Help, help! for this dragon will eat me up.”
At the babble the monks ran out, but they saw no dragon, alone the afraid monk, afraid and trembling. They brought him aback afresh to the Abbey. He abruptly promised that he would never added abdicate the monastery, and so anytime afterwards he connected in his profession. By the prayers of the angelic man, he saw the dragon advancing adjoin him, whom before, aback he did not see him, he had agreeably followed.
How angelic Benedict wrote a aphorism for his monks.
GREGORY. I am desirous, Peter, to acquaint you abounding things of this admirable father, but some of purpose I let pass, because I accomplish alacrity to amusement additionally of the acts of added angelic men. Yet I would not accept you be apprenticed of the actuality that the man of God, amid so abounding miracles for which he was so acclaimed in the world, was additionally abundantly abstruse in divinity.
He wrote a aphorism for his monks, both accomplished for acumen and additionally affecting for its style. If any be analytical to apperceive added of his activity and conversation, he may accept all his address of activity and conduct in the academy of that aphorism for the angelic man could not contrarily teach, than he himself had lived.
27 марта 2012 г.
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