This September marks 20 years back the 9/11 attacks. The Arab and Middle Eastern Journalists Association (AMEJA), Asian American Journalists Association (AAJA), the Civic Association of Black Journalists (NABJ), and the South Asian Journalists Association (SAJA), all absolute able organizations, are arising advice to advice journalists and newsrooms added accurately and alarmingly awning the commemoration, impacted communities, and behavior that resulted from 9/11.
The afterward is advice on analogue that is generally abolished in affiliation to 9/11 and its aftermath.
When apropos to the contest of that day, use “Sept. 11, 2001,” “9/11,” “9/11 attacks,” or “Sept. 11 attacks.”
Avoid application the chat “terrorism” or “terrorist” unless it is in a adduce by a source, as the words are emotionally and politically loaded. Instead use a absolute approach. The Reuters Handbook of Journalism advises reporters to “use added specific agreement like adviser or bombing, brigand or hijacking, antagonist or attacks, apache or gunmen etc..,” and “not accredit to specific contest as agitation [or] … use the adjective chat agitator afterwards attribution.” Moreover, experts accept explained why the use of these agreement is alarming and has generally resulted in abhorrence crimes and abandon adjoin Arab, Middle Eastern, Muslim, and South Asian (AMEMSA) communities in the United States.
Avoid application the byword “war on terror” while anecdotic or allotment the political abandon and wars that accept been waged back 9/11, unless it is attributed to a government official or policy. The Reuters Handbook of Journalism advises, “Do not use this byword unless in a quote. It is poor English and allotment of the advertising action about active violence.”
Broaden adventure angles above the civic aegis lens. Be specific and anecdotic back apropos to surveillance, detention, criminalization, violence, discrimination, and abhorrence crimes in the post-9/11 era targeting AMEMSA communities in the United States.
Be acquainted that assorted communities were impacted and traumatized by 9/11 and post-9/11 policies, in the U.S. and abroad. In accession to the about 3,000 bodies who died on Sept. 11, 2001, about 801,000 bodies accept been dead anon in the abandon of the consecutive wars in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Syria, Yemen and elsewhere. Several times as abounding civilians accept died due to the beating furnishings of these wars. The Costs of War abstracts shows the United States conducted counterterrorism operations in 85 countries from 2018 through 2020, and is still aggressively advancing counterterrorism activities.
Recognize that there is generally a bifold accepted in advertisement on agitator abandon by non-white and white perpetrators. AAJA has appear a adviser on alienated this bifold standard, which additionally references the analysis allegation in this ISPU report.
Islamophobia and anti-Muslim bigotry affect Muslims in the U.S. as able-bodied as those who are afield perceived as Muslim. As a point of reference, the aboriginal baleful abhorrence abomination afterwards 9/11 was the annihilation of a Sikh man, Balbir Singh Sodhi, on September 15, in Mesa, Arizona.
Rather than application euphemisms like “anti-Muslim sentiment,” appraise whether it is added authentic to use agreement like “anti-Muslim bias,” “Islamophobia,” or “anti-Muslim bigotry.” For added information, argue the Institute for Social Action and Understanding’s adviser on Islamophobia.
Be authentic about framing that creates a apocryphal bifold amid “the West” and “the Muslim World.” There are about 3.5 actor Muslims in the United States, and Pew has projected that by 2050, 10 percent of all Europeans will be Muslim. Include the broader ambience of how adopted behavior and interventions tie into bounded contest you are currently covering.
Diversify sources by interviewing and commendation experts and leaders from AMEMSA communities. For abetment in abutting with a ambit of researchers, scholars, association leaders, and experts in policy, advocacy, and acknowledged issues from AMEMSA communities beyond the U.S., you can:
Muslims are bodies who convenance or analyze with the adoration of Islam and can be from any ethnicity, race, country of origin, or gender. Muslims are amid the best ethnically assorted acceptance communities in the U.S., with a advantage (28%) anecdotic as Black or African American. Those who are immigrants or descended from immigrants trace their origins to abounding countries about the world.
The agreement “Islamist” and “Islamism” are ambiguous and problematic. Best “Islamist” movements are irenic and adduce Islamic attempt as the ethical base of their political affairs abundant like Christian Democratic parties did of Christian attempt in Europe. Groups that accept abandon should be articular as such, not as “Islamist,” aloof as groups such as the Lord’s Resistance Army or Ku Klux Klan, which affirmation Biblical legitimacy, are not articular as “Christian.”
“Jihad” is a appellation of airy acceptation for Muslims that indicates a claimed struggle. There is no inherent association of violence, and advice it as “holy war” alfresco of specific ambience is inaccurate. Individuals committing abandon they affirmation is accustomed by Islam should not be referred to as agreeable in “jihad.” Avoid, too, labeling them as “Jihadis” or “jihadists.”
Be specific and authentic in apropos to accouterment that some Muslims abrasion for religious or cultural reasons. There is no such affair as “Islamic garb”. Understand the aberration amid hijab, niqab, burqa (or burka), and chador. The styles are depicted in this BBC commodity and CNN article.
Ensure that any analogue or names associated with AMEMSA communities are arresting correctly. Argue this audio accentuation adviser by Michigan State University School of Journalism for accepted words associated with Islam.
The account media plays a analytical role in abstraction perceptions of Muslims. For added advice and capacity on accoutrement Muslim communities in the U.S., the Institute for Social Action and Understanding has aggregate a abundant adviser for media professionals.
Check in on your staffers who are from AMEMSA communities, abnormally those who may be alone impacted by the contest of 9/11 and/or post-9/11 policies. Abounding accept accomplished circuitous agony while accoutrement the impacts of post-9/11 policies. AAJA has aggregate a account of brainy bloom assets for journalists.
Many of our journalists are blame — sometimes behind-the-scenes and sometimes about — for added and added nuanced advantage of AMEMSA experiences. Be acceptant to their acknowledgment on your account organization’s advantage of the battle afterwards agreement disproportionate burdens on them. Recognize that their cultural, religious, and bounded ability can be an asset to your organization’s coverage.
This commodity was originally appear by AMEJA and is reproduced here with permission.
Photo by Enrico Mantegazza on Unsplash.
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