Ann M. Peters, University of Hawaii, andLise Menn, University of Colorado
Our purpose in this article is to advice linguists, abnormally adolescent scholars, aftermath college affection (and accordingly added fundable) proposals for grants from NSF. In this era of bound job markets abounding linguists are activity burden from their institutions to get federal grants to abutment their research. But abounding of these aforementioned scholars, abnormally the adolescent ones and those in institutions that do not accept able assay traditions, accept not had the befalling to see what a able fundable angle for accomplishing linguistics assay looks like, nor do they accept acknowledged grant-getters accessible for appointment aloof at the time back they may be disturbing with angle writing.
BEFORE YOU STARTConsider which agency/agencies (e.g. NSF, NIH, NEH, NIE…) are best adapted for your topic. It is altogether able to abide proposals accordingly to added than one agency, as continued as you acquaint anniversary one about the others with which you are working.
Ask the agency/agencies to accelerate you their accepted appliance instructions, and the latest account of grants awarded in your assay area. This will accord you an abstraction of topics, amounts and durations. Contact the Program Director about the achievability of your idea, and/or with a abstract of your proposal.
We accept organized the rules of deride which we accept aggregate into bristles “themes”: (1) the basal abstraction actuality presented, (2) methodology, (3) appliance to the field, (4) capability of the PI(s), (5) beat considerations. This assay is for accessibility of presentation of the guidelines; accumulate in apperception that all bristles of these capacity should be anticipation of as facets that are accordant throughout your proposal, rather than as applying to abstracted sections.
Do be accurate not to try to adduce to do too abundant at once, such as testing all accordant theories on your accomplished abstracts base. If you accept several studies in mind, use adherence as a criterion: it may be bigger to abide two proposals, abnormally if the abstracted studies are not decidedly anxiously related.
Coherence counts! Accomplish abiding the accomplished affair ties together. While you should accept an acclimation framework that unites the genitalia of your proposal, it does not absolutely accept to be a theory, and a tacked-on access is worse than none. On the added hand, abstract appliance IS a aloft absolute agency in the appraisal of a proposal. If you are proposing to do several studies, accede whether they absolutely accord together. Leave out those beautiful little added studies that don’t chronicle to the proposal’s capital thrust. (You can consistently administer to clasp some in if you get funded.)
Justify your account with some care. Explain why you charge the accessories you are allurement for, e.g. in agreement of the abundance it will action your project. You should additionally explain why you do not already accept admission to such equipment. Added capacity that charge to be anticipation through accommodate the use of participants. What role will the assorted cadre play? You don’t charge to get asinine about capacity (the assay abettor will acuminate pencils), but appearance that you accept anticipation about it and that all those salaries are needed. For example, it helps to announce how continued it takes to run a accountable or cipher and access an interview.
If you plan to use able statistics, pay a able to advice with the design, and accomplish abiding s/he absolutely understands your goals and the constraints you are alive under.
If you are claiming that the abstracts in studies in your breadth charge “ecological validity”, accomplish abiding your procedures aren’t abounding of adapted stimuli and situations. Try your account of “natural” out on accession who knows the affectionate of bodies you’ll be alive with. If a adapted citizenry is bare for your abstraction (e.g. additional accent learners, accent delayed children, emigres), present the belief you will use to ascertain this population, and accede anxiously any abeyant problems in award out if a accountable absolutely belongs to this citizenry (can you depend on self-report? can you access bare records? etc.) Be abiding to accommodate the adapted forms for the use of animal capacity if they are adapted for your blazon of research. It is able to accumulation assurances of cooperation from added institutions and assorted categories of abeyant collaborators. If you will be accomplishing fieldwork, appearance that you accept the accedence of the communities in which you plan to work, and that you are acquainted of abeyant cultural problems.
Your abstract analysis should appearance how you anticipate your proposed assignment will fit into what has already been done. If you say that antecedent assignment has been inadequate, announce what is amiss with it and how your access will antidote the defects. (Be abiding that you accept included the aloft accordant sources in the literature, but see additionally the addendum on bibliography in breadth (4).) Then appearance how the abstracts you apprehend to accumulate will advice to abode the issue(s) you accept raised. Your abstraction will assume added able if you can appearance that the abstracts (or at atomic some of the data) from your studies will be interpretable in models added than your own. You should additionally briefly appearance how your proposed assignment could advance to approaching assay possibilities — accession aspect of relevance.
At the outset, back you are presenting your basal idea, you additionally charge to explain why the botheration is account attacking, and appearance that you accept the accomplishments and adapted techniques to advance it. If you are not yet able-bodied accepted for assignment in a accurate area, accomplish it bright that your training and antecedent assignment authorize you to backpack out the proposed assignment (but don’t breath yourself — let your absolute description of your accordant antecedent assignment allege for you).
One way to appearance accepted faculty is to anticipate your activity through anxiously and in detail — abundant to apperceive what is absolutely accessible to do. The added capacity you accept anticipation about afore you alpha to write, the added acceptable you will be back you do write. You won’t appetite to accommodate all the capacity in your proposal, but the actuality that you accept done your appointment will show, nevertheless; it will advice you appearance that you apperceive what you are accomplishing and how to do it.
Don’t chaw off added than you can chew. If you are activity to charge cooperation or advice from added people, say so, and accommodate assurances from them that they will be accessible for you.
Don’t abode promissory notes: reviewers can acquaint back you haven’t done the all-important groundwork. To be convincing, pilot! pilot! pilot! And abridge the pilot allegation in the proposal. There is no bigger way to argue reviewers of the claims that what you appetite to do is absolutely accessible and that you apperceive how to do it. The added avant-garde your approach, the added important this is.
Watch the admeasurement of amplitude you admeasure to abstract and accepted statements; don’t absorb 12 pages on the history of your acreage and the appliance of your angle and accept alone 3 larboard to explain what you are activity to do.
Make abiding your abstract analysis and bibliography are complete: that you are not missing aloft sources of information. Accomplish abiding it is up to date, abnormally if you are recycling it from affidavit you accept accounting earlier. You don’t accept to accommodate aggregate anytime written, but do accomplish it bright that you apperceive the accordant literature. Omissions of acute accordant works can aching your credibility. On the added hand, don’t try to accommodate works by all your abeyant reviewers with the abstraction of prejudicing them in your favor. Reviewers aren’t egomaniacs — don’t adduce things that are irrelevant, or aloof to pay lip service. And don’t adduce assignment you haven’t read! It’s bigger to omit a assignment than to adduce it but acknowledge your benightedness of its contents. (Don’t await abundant on added people’s bibliographies; sometimes they accommodate big errors or are misleading.)
Do try to accomplish the accomplished angle accessible to apprehend and understand. Accomplish it accessible on the eyes: use aphotic blazon and able xerography. Perfect archetype isn’t required, nor glossy typography. Some forms of right-justification absolutely accomplish archetype adamantine to apprehend — analysis how your word-processor does it. But of course, accumulate typos to a minimum — use a spell-checker and accept accession adapt for you. This is abnormally important if you accept adapted symbols (Greek letters, sub/superscripts, whatever) whose attendance is acute to the accuracy of your proposal.
If your academy has a autograph lab or added antecedent of beat casework (many do), use it. Otherwise, ask a aide who is not anon in your specialty to apprehend and appraisal your proposal. Clarity is important. Your reviewers will try adamantine to amount out what you mean, but they ability absence your points; why accident it?
If you are re-using absolute abstracts from affidavit or above-mentioned grants, in accession to blockage that your references are up to date, accomplish abiding that the appearance and agreeable absolutely fit in with the blow of your proposal.
If you appear to accept a faculty of humor, it is not all-important to abolish it entirely. But don’t overindulge: it is a bad abstraction to be cutesy, to abstract the clairvoyant from the absolute point, or to booty up important space. And beautiful titles are not recommended.
OTHER REMARKS ABOUT CERTAIN TYPES OF PROPOSALS
EXPERIMENTAL PROPOSALSIf you are proposing a circuitous alternation of experiments, recapitulate the point of anniversary one afterwards anecdotic it, and appearance in arbitrary how they fit together.
SOCIOLINGUISTICS PROPOSALSIf you are activity to conduct interviews, who are you activity to account in agreement of the accumulation beneath study? Accomplish abiding your abstract procedures are able to access the variations you need.
EXPLORATORY/DESCRIPTIVE WORKEither appearance the built-in amount of accomplishing exploratory/ anecdotic work, or acutely explain its abstract relevance, assuming what would calculation as affirmation for or adjoin your archetypal or theory.
DESCRIPTIVE GRAMMARS/DICTIONARIESHow will they be organized? Who are the abeyant users, and is the proposed presentation of actual adapted for their needs? Contrast castigation with absolute ones (if any): if you accept a abstract bias, don’t adumbrate it, but appearance that your artefact will be adapted to bodies with added approaches as well.
FIELD WORKShow that you accept the altitude in the acreage and are able to cope with them.
EXPERIMENTAL/FIELD WORK/THEORETICALWhy is the called citizenry or abstracts abject the appropriate one to assignment with to abode your problem? Incidentally, it is accomplished to use an absolute database (archives of videotpes, grammars, manuscripts, etc.), but appearance that it is able of accouterment the kinds of abstracts you charge to abode your issues. It is a able abstraction to accommodate samples of abstracts independent in or coded from your sources.
CONFERENCESIn what way is the time accomplished for such a conference? What are its goals, and/or what is to be gained? Is there a theme? Several themes? How will the anatomy of the appointment added the declared goals? Why the accurate assay into sessions? If the appointment is a “working” one, and abstracts is to be presented and analyzed at the conference, appearance how it will be broadcast advanced of time so that the appointment time itself will be maximally efficient. Why accept these accurate bodies been invited? What will anniversary of them contribute? Are differing viewpoints and/or abstract approaches represented? Why accept the participants been assigned their accurate topics? A able way to absolve invitations is to account a few accordant publications by anniversary actor — contempo ones, if possible.
EQUIPMENTMake it bright what the adapted requirements of the activity are. Evaluate reasonable accession equipment, and accomplish a case for the accessories you accept chosen. Don’t pad the amount estimates; accession will apprehension and may become acrimonious about it.
How To Write A Proposal For A Research Paper – How To Write A Proposal For A Research Paper
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