What is the difference between hemlock and Douglas fir?

Both the Hemlock firs and the Douglas firs are large fir trees. They have soft needles with white lines. The needles are flat and not stinging or rigid. Douglas fir are easily recognizable and so are Hemlocks.

Hemlocks (Tsuga) It is easy to distinguish them from other native conifers by their short, flat needles and by the drooping branches and drooping leaders at the top of each tree. The cones have rounded scales like Douglas Fir, but don’t have bracts protruding from them.

Additionally, how can you tell the difference between pine and hemlock? Quick Key to Identifying Hemlock. Needles have 2 white “racing stripes” on the underside. Fir needles have similar stripes. Conical to egg-shaped (more or less); fine branches give this tree a lacier appearance than spruce, fir or pine.

which is better pine or Douglas fir?

The soft wood between the grain lines shrinks and expands, making the wood cup or twist. Fir has little soft grain. Pine has much more soft grain. For stability and strength, fir is much less prone to warping or twisting, and much stronger than pine.

What’s a hemlock tree look like?

Identification of the Eastern Hemlock: The Eastern Hemlock has a loose, irregular, feathery silhouette, with fine, lacy twigs whose tips tend to droop gracefully. This tree has short, flat, blunt, flexible needles, about 1/2 inch long. The needles are rounded at the tip, dark green above and pale silvery below.

What does a Douglas fir look like?

As the scientific name indicates, Douglas Fir is not classified as a fir (Abies). It has been called a pine, hemlock and spruce. Although it has blisters in its bark like the true firs, in many other respects it is quite unlike the firs. The cones look more like hemlock or spruce cones than fir cones.

Is Douglas fir a hemlock?

Both the Hemlock firs and the Douglas firs are large fir trees. They have soft needles with white lines. The needles are flat and not stinging or rigid. Douglas fir is very common in Dutch forests, sometimes more common still than the Norway spruce.

How can you tell fir from Pine?

Look for the number of needles that come out of the same spot on a twig. If a twig bears needles in groups of two, three, or five, you can safely call it a pine. If the twig carries its needles singly, it’s a good bet you’ve got a fir or a spruce. Pull off a needle, and roll it between your fingers.

Is Hemlock a spruce?

Tsuga canadensis, also known as eastern hemlock, eastern hemlock-spruce or Canadian hemlock, and in the French-speaking regions of Canada as pruche du Canada, is a coniferous tree native to eastern North America.

Is Hemlock a fir?

Hemlock is a wood that absorb’s moisture well, its often used in pressure treated. It paints well but is prone to cracking. +1 on Rick’s comment. In the US, hem-fir is Western Hemlock that has roughly the same structural characteristics as Douglas Fir.

Is a Douglas fir a deciduous tree?

The Douglas fir is not a true fir tree. The species is menziesii. This tree is one of many conifers included in the Pinaceae family. Others are cedars, the deciduous conifers (Glyptostrobus, Larix, Metasequoia, Pseudolarix, and Taxodium), fir trees, pine trees, and spruce trees.

Is Hemlock poisonous to humans?

It is very toxic and sheep, cattle, swine, horses, and other domestic animals are poisoned by eating small amounts of green or dried plant. It is also extremely poisonous to humans. Poison-hemlock is sometimes confused with western water hemlock, a more deadly species, because the names are similar.

Can you use Douglas fir outside?

Turns out Douglas fir is more than just a good-looking wood. Its durability and resistance to rot and insects make it a favorite choice for outdoor projects like porch decking as well. It’s also naturally resistant to rot, decay, and insects.

Is Douglas fir strong?

Douglas fir falls in the gymnosperm, or softwood category. So is it a hardwood? Technically no. However, if what you’re really asking is whether or not Douglas fir is a tough, strong building material, the answer is yes—it’s widely known as a very durable wood.

What kind of wood is Douglas fir?

Douglas Fir, in fact, is a special wood species found mostly in Pacific Northwest. It is widely known as a fir but resembles a pine tree. It is the most popular and commonly found wood species of softwood available in North America.

What is the strongest pine wood?

Southern Yellow Pine is a fast-growing species group of pines which produces some of the strongest wood in North America. Its high density gives it natural strength, weight, impact and wearing resistance. Slash and longleaf pines are the strongest and heaviest, with slash pines slightly higher in both properties.

Is Douglas fir good for decking?

Turns out Douglas fir is more than just a good-looking wood. Its durability and resistance to rot and insects make it a favorite choice for outdoor projects like porch decking as well. In fact, vertical-grain Douglas fir has been a traditional choice for porches on historic homes for more than 100 years.

Does Douglas fir have knots?

Coastal Douglas Fir is often larger in size, resulting in a coarse grain and large knots. Although Interior Douglas Fir trees are smaller, they produce a much finer, tighter grain and contain smaller, intergrown knots.